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Female genital tract

Dr.Roaa S.Mahdi

Cervix

Q/What is the type of epithelium that line the uterine cervix ?


Cervix




Cervix

Cervicitis

is a very common condition that is associated with a mucopurulent discharge ,cytologic examination of the discharge reveals inflammatory cells admixed with cervical epithelial cells, and possible microorganisms.

EtiologyPathological features

Cervix

Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia (CIN)

The Pap smear, introduced 50 years ago by Papanicolaou, remains the most successful cancer screening test ever developed. In populations that are screened regularly, cervical cancer mortality is reduced by up to 99%.
Cytological examination can detect CIN long before any abnormality can be seen grossly. CIN begins as low-grade lesion that may progress to higher grade CIN, or it is a high-grade lesions from the outset; this depends on the location of the HPV infection in the transformation zone, the type of HPV infection (high versus low risk), and other host factors.


Cervix

Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia (CIN)

On the basis of histology, precancerous changes are graded as
CIN I: Mild dysplasia
CIN II: Moderate dysplasia
CIN III: Severe dysplasia/carcinoma in situ
The new Bethesda system divides the precancerous lesions into only two groups:
1. Low-grade SIL (SIL for squamous intraepithelial lesions), equivalent to CIN I
2. High-grade SIL. Equivalent to CIN II & III


Cervix




Cervix



The most common cervical carcinomas are (in descending order) 1. Squamous cell carcinomas (75%)2. Adenocarcinomas and adenosquamous carcinomas (20%) 3. Small-cell neuroendocrine carcinomas (<5%). The squamous cell carcinomas are increasingly appearing in younger women, (peak incidence at about 45 years); 10 to 15 years after detection of their precursors (CIN).


Cervix




Cervix

Q/High risk HPV are

……… & ………

Endocervical Polyp

This may protrude, sometimes, through the exocervix. The trend is to regard these polyps as inflammatory rather than neoplastic. They are generally small, soft, and have smooth, glistening surface and subjacent cystically dilated spaces filled with mucinous secretion.Q

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رفعت المحاضرة من قبل: Hatem Saleh
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